Manual Human Origins and Environmental Backgrounds (Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects)

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Class activities consist of lectures by the Leakeys, laboratory exercises reconstructions, measurements using casts of the 5 kinds, and field trips to discovery locations. The major goal of this course is to introduce the biodiversity and diversity of ecosystems on the island of Madagascar.

In addition to exploring the different habitats within Ranomafana National Park, we will embark on a ten-day trip across Madagascar. This course is one of three that constitutes the Turkana Basin Institute Summer Field School, an opportunity to participate in all aspects of a paleoanthropological research project, focusing on practical aspects of vertebrate paleontology, geology, zooarchaeology and taphonomy.

Students are trained in field reconnaissance, fossil survey, plotting, preservation, and collection, analysis and interpretation. Hands-on examination of fossils from Plio-Pleistocene or Holocene sites around Lake Turkana will teach students how human ancestors and other animals adapted to the environments around them. Experts from TBI, Stony Brook, and other institutions provide instruction in lectures, labs, and via fieldwork within the context of on-going projects.

An introduction to the ways scientists use the fossil and archaeological records to learn about past changes in Earth's climates and environments, and how humanity's ancestors responded to those changes physiologically and technologically. Interdisciplinary lectures will show evidence from the Turkana Basin's paleoenvironmental, fossil and archaeological records of the dynamic interactions between the climate, environment, local food webs, and ancient human populations.

This background will prepare students for training in paleoanthropological and archaeological field methods. The evolution of the order Primates from its origins to the appearance of the human family. Primate origins; the first primates of modern aspect; origins and adaptive radiations of monkeys; appearance and adaptations of apes and humans.

The course explores the biology, ecology, social behavior, and conservation of Madagascar's lemurs. Zeitschrift fur Tierpsycologie Ecological foundations for subsistence strategies among the Mbuti Pygmies. Human Ecology Optimal diet theory: Should the! Kung eat mongongos? Mating patterns of woolly spider monkeys, Brachyteles arachnoides: implications for female choice. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology Multi-male mating and the absence of canine tooth dimorphism in woolly spider monkeys, Brachyteles arachnoides.

Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects | NHBS Academic & Professional Books

American Journal of Physical Anthropology Features of digestive physiology in primates. News in Physiological Sciences, Vol. Ecological background and conservation priorities for woolly spider monkeys Brachyteles arachnoides. Benirschke, ed. New York: Springer-Verlag. Primate diets and gut morphology: Implications for human evolution.

Harris and E. Ross, eds. Ascorbic acid content of neotropical plant parts available to wild monkeys and bats. Experientia Foraging behavior and the evolution of primate cognition. IN: Machiavellian Intelligence: Social expertise and the evolution of intellect in monkeys, apes and humans, A.

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Whiten and R. Byrne, eds. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. Digestive and passage kinetics of chimpanzees fed high and low fiber diets and comparison with human data. Nutrition, vol. Features of meat digestion by captive chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes. Annual mortality patterns of a mammal community in central Panama. Journal of Tropical Ecology. Energetic costs of insect deterrence in howler monkeys. Journal of Mammalogy.

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    That much is true. But the work itself still reflected colonial practices and structures. Archaeological discoveries about ancient Aboriginal people are fascinating. I hope that such discoveries will continue, because they bring a perspective on the development and history of human societies not only within Australia but as a comparison for many other parts of the world.

    But discoveries cannot continue without the participation and engagement of local and descendant communities.

    Science developed without such participation is bad science—ethically wrong, and almost certainly factually wrong. I always feel a little bit bad when I have to cite my own prior work for a new research paper. As scientists develop career trajectories, self-citation becomes inevitable. Early work often becomes a foundation for later work. The point of citation is to credit the work that allows you to advance; we track citations so that we can see more clearly which research efforts have led to further advances. And so, most successful scientists will often cite their own earlier work.

    There are some outliers, but they are focused in particular countries, fields, and institutions. Anthropology as a field is not separated out in their table, but social sciences generally have low citation numbers—less than half the numbers of biology or clinical sciences. As a result, methods of judging scientific output that rely upon citation counts tend to underestimate the impact of social scientists.

    Most kinds of scientific assessment look within fields rather than across them, but in some of the cross-disciplinary organizations like national academies social scientists are under-represented compared to their impact in ways other than citations. Errors of less than 0. The research is by Ronald Perrone, Jr.

    Williams in Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. In the early s, he became involved in an exchange of views about the import of the Piltdown hoax on thinking about modern human origins. The Piltdown specimen was a primary buttress for the idea of a long existence of modern humans. When the hoax was revealed, other supposed evidence for the existence of modern humans at a very early time was subject to doubt, and the antiquity of skeletal remains like the Galley Hill material was shown to be erroneous.

    In textbooks and popular accounts of the history of paleoanthropology, Piltdown takes a very prominent place. A complicated story with various forms of incomplete evidence and competing intellectual traditions is harder to tell than a simple story of a hoax.

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    But the complicated story provides a better model for understanding the ways that fossil and archaeological evidence can contribute to long-lasting scientific debates. Some background about the site is provided by the introduction of the study:. It turns out that the skeletons accumulated over at least three different episodes, and they reflect entirely different groups of people, one from as far away as the Eastern Mediterranean.

    This deepens the historical mystery: how did groups of people from three different places and times end up dead in this one place? What I really like about the study is the multidisciplinary approach relying upon ancient DNA, stable isotopes, and radiocarbon to develop lines of evidence about the origin of the individuals. I wish that these had been combined with a deeper analysis of the skeletal biology of the individuals, including what can be said about their anatomical features, age, sex, and health status.

    The Better Bonobos of Our Nature

    The study does include some information from a report on the physical anthropology of the skeletons, placed into a supplementary note Supplementary Note 2. The note explains the connection between the work and a National Geographic documentary that was produced in Now we know that the remains come from different groups who lived more than a thousand years apart, and some of whom came from very far away.

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    • Skeletal remains in one place with an ostensibly similar depositional situation should represent similar individuals.