Through the study of ablations on animals, he was the first to prove that the mind was located in the brain, not the heart. At fifteen he began studying medicine at Montpellier , where in he received the degree of doctor. In the following year he went to Paris , carrying an introduction from A.
In , Flourens pioneered the experimental method of carrying out localized lesions of the brain in living rabbits and pigeons and carefully observing their effects on motricity, sensibility and behavior. His intention was to investigate localisationism, i. The trouble was that Gall did not use a proper scientific approach to his affirmations. Flourens was able to demonstrate convincingly for the first time that the main divisions of the brain were indeed responsible for largely different functions.
By removing the cerebral hemispheres , for instance, all perceptions, motricity, and judgment were abolished. The removal of the cerebellum affected the animal's equilibrium and motor coordination , while the destruction of the brainstem medulla oblongata caused death.
These experiments led Flourens to the conclusion that the cerebral hemispheres are responsible for higher cognitive functions, that the cerebellum regulates and integrates movements, and that the medulla controls vital functions, such as circulation , respiration and general bodily stability. On the other hand, he was unable probably because his experimental subjects have relatively primitive cortex to find specific regions for memory and cognition , which led him to believe that they are represented in a diffuse form around the brain. Enter your log in email address and we'll send you a link to reset your password.
Poujoulat M (Jean-Joseph-François) [WorldCat Identities]
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